Butterfly watching in Nepal

पर्यटन बजार७ कार्तिक २०७७, शुक्रबार मा प्रकाशित

Butterfly watching  in Nepal

October 23,Kathmandu. Nepal is a butterfly viewing paradise. It is also a good representative nation of butterfly species both in the Oriental and Palearctic areas. Nepal is home to more than 600 butterfly population and an estimated 3.72% of the world’s butterfly species, according to official records. Butterfly watching in Nepal is a popular activity. In Kathmandu and its surrounding hills, there are over 360 species of butterflies. Some of the most amazing kinds of butterflies like Teinopalpus, Papilio Krishna, Diagora, Niceville, Triodes Aeacus, etc recorded in the outskirts of Kathmandu. Around 102 species of Butterflies have good presence in Shivapuri national park.

The forest hilltops Phulchowki, Jamachowk, and Shivapuri are excellent areas for butterfly watching, these are the open bush areas of Nagarkot, Suryavinayak, and Chandragiri. Late March / April, mid-May / Mid-June and late August / September are the best months for butterfly watching in Nepal. The butterflies from Nepal include five families: swallowtails, whites blues, nymphalids, and skippers. Butterflies are mostly bright and travel during the day, some are scary, they fly at dawn or at night.  Most of the swallowtails have tails like swallows. These are rather large and live longer than their normal butterfly. Rare species, such as Papilio Krishna, at 2120 meters of Shivapuri have been recorded. Between Swayambhu, lower slopes and the forests of Godavari, Nagarjun, Budhanilkantha and Sundarijal, around 10 percent of the butterflies recorded. In Nepal, there are Palearctic species found at over 3,000 m and around 90 percent of Oriental species.

Butterfly watching in Nepal

In the high altitudes, the Yellow Swallowtail and the tailor Apollos are found. Most swallowtails, like Windmills, Mormons, and Peacocks, are big and black. Krishna Peacock has been mentioned as Nepal’s national butterfly, but politicians spend more time rewarding things. The whites are mainly white and the well-known colors are yellow such as the Common Brimstone. According to some, this latter was responsible for the English ‘butterfly’, which is said to have come from butter and butter-stealing bees.

Some believe, that the original name was changed to ‘ flutterby ‘ This is the tradition of both the Dutch “vlinder” and the French “papillon.” Normally the blues are small, but they are not all blue. Some are reddish, some are brown and some are white and green. The Family of Nymphalids is very large and variable and consists of the Orange Oakleaf but also the Painted Lady, the widest butterfly on the planet. Some of them migrate and sail slowly and impressively butterflies of a carefree species hanging just outside. Nymphalids also includes a wide range of boring brown butterflies. Most are forest butterflies, who hide between the fallen bushes and lives in their dry colors.

Colin Smith, a British scientist, has collected and protected the beauty of Nepal’s butterflies for a period of some thirty years. The size of the collection makes the museum known as the “Museum of butterflies.” The Nepalese collection represents almost all of Nepal’s 660 butterfly species. A collection from the Parnassius group, which can be seen on request, highlights mountain butterflies in the world. Samples of leaf butterflies and swordtails from various tropical regions of South-East Asia increase the oriental region species. Visitors can also see different moth species and interesting dragonflies. The museum opens from Sunday to Friday. The museum can be visited from 10 Am to 5 Pm.

Best places for Butterfly watching in Nepal

Begnas and Rupa Lake, situated in the Lake Cluster of Pokhara Valley, are announced as Nepal’s 10th Ramsar site on 2nd February 2016. There are nine lakes within the cluster and their biological, social and cultural importance is remarkably high. The area of the Begnas and Rupa Lake is perfect for studying and investigating butterflies. 174 butterflies of 9 different families, with common names and distributions in Nepal, winged areas etc, found in Begnas and Rupa region.

Kathmandu has four major observation areas for birds, and you can begin from the banks of the rivers Bagmati and Manohara. The Egrets, herons, Kingfisher, Ibisbill Wood Sandpipers and Plover are birds found along the rivers. The Chovar Gorge is also popular particularly for birds because of its distance from human life.

Another ideal spot is Phulchowki. Phulchowki is located in Kathmandu at 2760 meters, and the Godawari Botanical Gardens at 18kms to the south-east. There is also a combination of trails and streets to walk from behind the gardens. The range comprises of trees with excellent vegetation and numerous species. Around 90 species including the endemic babbler spring the Curia, the Mountain Hawk Eagle, Rufus Bellied Pied Woodpeckers, and the Black-Hated Parrotbill are on the record in this area.

The Shivapuri Watershed Reserve is another two valley areas twelve kilometres north of the town and northwest of Nagarjun. Shivapuri is accessible from Sundarijal or Budhanilkantha in two ways. The Laughing Thrush, the Crested Serpent Eagle, the Pied Fly Catchers, and the Rupi-throats and the Babblers are some of the birds of the region. Pheasants, magpies, sunbirds and ruby throat are present in Nagarjun at 2105 meters.

Butterfly Watching Essentials

Some of the essentials to explore the butterflies in this exotic land are as follows. The equipment help in the identification process as well as collecting the memories with the beautiful butterflies.

Proper Wear: You better wear dumb coloured clothes so that the surrounding area can keep you hidden. Better for sun protection to wear a mask or hat.

Camera: The butterfly the plant you find on and the ecosystem can be quickly shot. The photosystem is popular for the classification of animals, the recording of natural history and environmental data. This tool is simple, easy and useful.

Notebook and pen: This is a very important instrument of data collection and analysis in various fields. When you miss the opportunity to photograph it, it is useful to capture field sketches of the butterfly. Such information helps later not only to classify the butterflies but also to provide a lot of information on other activities.

Identification tips for butterfly: The butterfly may not provide enough time to identify in the area. So it’s best to first take photographs as a record then take them and enjoy the beauty. You’ll also be a good butterfly observer with a rough outline and the colours, position, and pattern in various wing areas.

Annapurna Butterfly Museum

The butterfly Museum of Annapurna was established in Pokhara city in 1965. It is located in Prithivi Narayan University Campus, about all the 660 native butterfly species in Nepal. The museum consists of several dioramas showing convergence with butterflies and moths. Butterfly lovers can also catch a view of preserved and enclosed butterflies grouped by species in wooden drawers. Nepalese butterfly Corman Birding is also in the museum. Butterfly and Moth lovers who are visiting Pokhara must go to the Butterfly Museum in Annapurna to provide tourists with a unique experience.

Colin Smith was a butterfly guide from Nepal in his 80s. He’s very fond of butterflies that he is nicknamed “Putali Baje” by Nepalis. The British national has been researching butterflies in Nepal for over fifty years, writing scientific papers and books, and publishing images of calendar decoration for butterflies, posters, and postcards. Some butterflies depend only on one plant species and, when the vegetation dies, the butterfly disappears. Butterfly environmental changes may also be signs of early warning of climate change. Butterflies have a delicately balanced annual cycle. When leaves are still young, they lay their eggs in the food plant. The butterfly comes out of its cocoon and chrysalis when some flowers bloom, which could interrupt not only the feeding of caterpillars but also the pollination of flowers.

The best destinations for butterfly-watching tours out of Kathmandu valley are Chitwan National park, Bardia and Koshi Tappu. Other popular destinations for butterfly watching tour are the Sagarmatha Everest National Park, Rara National park and Shey Phoksundo National Park in western Nepal.

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